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Isotopes in hydrogen transfer processes

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Published by Elsevier Scientific Pub. Co. in Amsterdam, New York .
Written in English


  • Chemical reaction, Conditions and laws of,
  • Hydrogen bonding,
  • Radioactive tracers

Book details:

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Statementedited by E. Buncel and C. C. Lee.
SeriesIsotopes in organic chemistry ;, v. 2
ContributionsBuncel, E., Lee, C. C. 1924-
LC ClassificationsQD501 .I82
The Physical Object
Paginationxvi, 318 p. :
Number of Pages318
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4891031M
ISBN 100444413529
LC Control Number76023181

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Hydrogen, the most abundant element in the universe, is the ultimate source of all other elements by the process of nuclear fusion. (For more information on nuclear fusion, see Chapter 20 "Nuclear Chemistry".) Table "The Isotopes of Hydrogen" compares the three isotopes of hydrogen, all of which contain one proton and one electron per atom. Finally, the book examines experimental and theoretical studies on the nature and control of excited-state hydrogen transfer in various systems. Hydrogen Bonding and Transfer in the Excited State is an essential overview of this increasingly important field of study, surveying the entire field over 2 volumes, 40 chapters and pages. Theoretical study of the kinetic isotope effect in proton-transfer reactions. Influence of the interaction potential of reactants on the kinetic isotope effect. Chemical Physics , 70 (),   The different masses of the three isotopes of hydrogen cause them to have different physical properties. Thus H 2, D 2, and T 2 differ in their melting points, boiling points, densities, and heats of fusion and vaporization. In , Harold Urey and coworkers discovered deuterium by slowly evaporating several liters of liquid hydrogen until a volume of about 1 mL remained.

Hydrogen (1 H) has three naturally occurring isotopes, sometimes denoted 1 H, 2 H, and 3 H. The first two of these are stable, while 3 H has a half-life of years. There are also heavier isotopes, which are all synthetic and have a half-life less than one zeptosecond (10 −21 second). Of these, 5 H is the most stable, and 7 H is the least. Hydrogen is the only element whose isotopes have. The hydrogen isotope composition of alkane in natural gas is affected by three factors: source rock sedimentary environment, maturity and organic type (Shen et al., ; Dai, b; Shen & Xu, ; Wang et al., ).Under the same maturity conditions, the δ 2 H 1 of methane generated by marine gas source rock is the heaviest, that by continental freshwater lake source rock is the lightest. Separation of Hydrogen Isotopes (ACS symposium series ; 68) and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at Deuterium (hydrogen-2) is the second most abundant isotope of hydrogen and it makes up to % of the hydrogen that is naturally found on the Earth. Its atomic mass is , and it.